All systems are go for NASA’s next mission to the red planet. Scott McGillivray has more and other space news.
This is not a RASC event and there is a cost for the tour.
The Aurora | 360 tour is the ultimate way to experience the Northern Lights. On board a private charter jet, you’ll have the best access possible and with only 80 seats available, this exclusive opportunity comes with serious bragging rights!
The chartered jet will be available to hunt for the Auroral Oval above the clouds and it will be able to alter the flight path to maximize amazing Aurora viewing. Scheduled to take-off from Whitehorse, Yukon, between the 7th and the 11th of February 2019, the Aurora | 360 Experience offers 80 passengers an exclusive opportunity to witness the Aurora Borealis closer than ever before.
The Pleiades is a beautiful open star cluster in the constellation of Taurus. It is one of my favourite targets during star parties because it gives different views and perspectives at different magnifications from naked-eye views to spectacular telescopic images. Recently, at the Manning Park Dark Sky Weekend and a Starry Nights event, we had people progress from a naked-eye view to using 8x binoculars while they waited for their turn to look though the telescope.
The cluster is also known as the Seven Sisters or Messier 45. It is obvious to the unaided eye: I see it as hazy bright patch from light-polluted city skies but individual stars can be resolved from a dark site; typically 5 to 6 member stars are visible to people with good eyesight. The cluster is located about 10° north-west of the bright orange star Aldebaran which can currently be found by looking due East around 08:30pm PST.
The seven brightest stars are named for the Seven Sisters of Greek Mythology: Sterope, Merope, Electra, Maia, Taygeta, Celaeno, and Alcyone. These stars plus two more, named after their father Altas and mother Pleione are clearly visible in binoculars.
A telescope and eyepiece that gives a wide field of about 2.2° provides a glorious close up view of the main stars of the cluster plus additional dimmer stars. Galileo was the first person to view the Pleiades through a telescope and thereby discovered that the cluster contained stars not visible with the naked eye. I like to think that he said “Wow” like many our star party attendees.
Messier’s inclusion of the Pleiades as M45 in his catalog of comet-like objects is curious: it is much brighter than most of other objects in the catalog and cannot be easily mistaken for a comet.
The cluster’s core diameter is about 16 light years and it includes over 1,000 confirmed members excluding unresolved binary stars. Its light is dominated by young, hot blue stars. Swirls of nebulosity are noticeable around the brightest stars from dark skies when the moon is absent. The Pleiades’ nebulae are blue-coloured which indicates that they are reflection nebula – clouds of dust and gas that reflect the blue light of nearby stars.
This nebulosity can be glimpsed in higher-magnification telescopic views, though it often appears as faint bluish-gray patches through the eyepiece because our eyes are not sensitive to colour at low light levels. It was initially thought that the dust may have been left over from the formation of the stars in the cluster but later observations showed the cluster just happens to be moving through a dusty portion of our galaxy. How was this determined? The radial velocity of the stars was measured and found to be different from the velocity of the dust by about 11 km/sec.
The nebulosity becomes stunning in long exposure images like this one that took almost 12 hours.
I enjoy the views of this glorious cluster despite not knowing their proper pronunciation (PLAY-uh-deez, PLE-uh-deez, play-A-deez).
The Outer Space Institute is holding a conference at UBC on Nov 16th, 2018 to address two immediate near-term challenges in the sustainable development of space: space mining and orbital debris. The conference includes a free public half-day discussion and Q&A on the topics of asteroid mining, space debris, space colonization, and Canadian space policy.
RSVP here for the public event.
The Ghost of Cassiopeia: About 550 light-years away in the constellation of Cassiopeia lies IC 63, a stunning and slightly eerie nebula. Also known as the ghost of Cassiopeia, IC 63 is being shaped by radiation from a nearby unpredictably variable star, Gamma Cassiopeiae, which is slowly eroding away the ghostly cloud of dust and gas. This celestial ghost makes the perfect backdrop for the upcoming feast of All Hallow’s Eve — better known as Halloween.
Astronomy magazine recently had an ad for a pair of ultra wide field binoculars from Kasai Trading. These quirky binoculars have a magnification of just 2.3X with 42mm objectives but give a whopping 28º field of view, about four times larger than that of standard binoculars. The Vixen 2.1×42 constellation binoculars are similar and a review and comparison of these models is available.
I found these appealing because the ultra-wide field provides views more like the naked eye while boosting the brightness to compensate for light pollution and aging eyes -only the cost was somewhat prohibitive.
Some research revealed a simple do-it-yourself alternative: Nikon 2×54 binos built as described in several posts on www.cloudynights.com. The key components are a pair of old Nikon TC-E2 teleconverters. These are high-quality lens, originally selling for over $150, now available as surplus on eBay for as low as $30. All that is really needed, in addition to the lens, is a holder to keep the lens together. Fortunately plans for such a holder suitable for 3D printing have graciously been made available online.
I had a set printed locally at Discount Printing in Burnaby through the 3D Hubs website – uploaded the plans, arranged payment, and the holders arrived via Canada Post a few days later. It was then a simple matter to connect the holders using a M5 bolt and nut from Rona, secure the lens into the holders with some double-sided tape, and attach an old name-tag lanyard as a strap.
I am quite pleased with the results and views provided by these binoculars – from my light polluted Coquitlam yard, I can
- resolve individual stars in the Pleiades star cluster instead of of seeing just a faint hazy patch
- see all the stars in the little dipper rather than just Polaris, and
- find bright stars much earlier in the evening twilight.
Rather that replacing standard binoculars or a telescope, I think of these binoculars as more like glasses that augment naked eye observing.
Astrophotography with DSLR Cameras
Capturing the Deep Sky – Stars, Nebulas and the Milky Way
Saturday, November 3, 2018
Early Bird Discount of $79.95 extended to October 27!
Alberta Treasury Branch, 4234 Calgary Trail NW, Edmonton, Alberta
In this 4.5-hour workshop, Alan Dyer will take you through the steps for getting those great deep-sky images, from selecting a DSLR camera, to processing the final image, with the emphasis on shooting the Milky Way, star clusters, nebulas, and galaxies with both piggyback methods (using tracking platforms) and prime focus techniques (by shooting through a telescope).
November 30-December 2, 2018
Seattle, Washington, USA
Join Warren Keller and Ron Brecher for their highly acclaimed 3-day interactive workshop covering the basics of PixInsight by Pleiades Astrophoto. Targeted to beginners and early intermediates, the workshop covers the essential tools and techniques needed to produce beautiful images. The workshop is limited to an exclusive group of 30 attendees, allowing for a personal learning experience for all.
February 22-24, 2019
Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA
The first Sacramento Mountains Spectroscopy Workshop was designed to be a bootcamp to help our friends and neighbors get started and move forward with amateur astronomical spectroscopy. SMSW-2 will be bigger and better and we will be able to accommodate many more people, but the goal is still the same. We want to help newbies get started with astronomical spectroscopy and we want to help experienced amateurs learn more and get better. As far as we know, our workshop is unique. You won’t find a bootcamp like this anywhere else in the world.
Tonight, Oct 20th 2018, is international observe the Moon night and the forecast calls for mostly clear skies so get out and take a look.
More information at https://moon.nasa.gov/observe-the-moon/annual-event/overview/
Some quick facts about the Moon:
- Rises at 17:05 PDT
- Sets at 02:58 PDT
- Phase: Waxing Gibbous, 11.3 days old
- 87% Illuminated
- The Moon was formed approximately 4.5 billion years ago
- The Moon orbits the Earth every 27.3 days at distance of 384,400 kms
Yesterday, Oct 4th 2018, marked the 62nd anniversary of the successful launch of Sputnik I. The world’s first artificial satellite was small – about the size of a beach ball with a weight a bit less than 84 kg – but that launch marked the start of the space age and the U.S.-U.S.S.R space race.
It is not a coincidence that starting in 1999, the United Nations has declared Oct 4th to 10th as World Space Week.
“The General Assembly declares 4 to 10 October World Space Week to celebrate each year at the international level the contributions of space science and technology to the betterment of the human condition”
— UN General Assembly resolution, 6 December 1999
The 2018 theme is “Space Unites The World” with many events planned in many countries.